Nabakrushna Choudhury was an Indian government official and activist born on 23 November 1901 at Kherasa town of Jagatsinghpur District, Odisha, India. Today is his 119th Birth Anniversary. He filled in as Chief Minister of the Indian territory of Odisha. He belonged to a landlord family. His dad, Gokulananda Choudhury was an extraordinary advocate. Nabakrushna had demonstrated unordinary talents during his youth. He was very active in games and sports.
In 1917, Nabakrushna Choudhury took admission in the Ravenshaw College, Cuttack. At the point when he was concentrating on his graduation at Ravenshaw school, he participated in the non-cooperation movement alongside Nityananda Kanungo, Loknath Patnaik, Jadumani Mangaraj, and Harekrushna Mahtab and left his course halfway. In 1922 he got trained in Sawarmati Aashram and begun serving the country. In 1925 he joined for his graduation degree again at the Shantiniketanfreedom movement.
The fourth decade of the twentieth century saw the extension of his socialist thoughts in Odisha under the authority of Congress activists. An Association of socialists entitled ‘Samyabadi Karmee Sangha’ was framed under his administration in Jagatsinghpur in February 1934. It was redesigned by the standards embraced by the All India Congress Socialist Conference. Gangadhar Mishra, Gokul Mohan Raichudamani, Gaura Chandra Das, Gobinda Mishra, Dibakar Pattnaik, Malati Choudhury, Surendranath Dwibedy, and numerous others were the individuals from the Association. Nabakrushna had a significant part in the organization of the Association. He likewise for the benefit of that Samyabadi Karmee Sangha altered a week after week paper called ‘Sarathi’ to communicate his socialist thoughts from March 1934.
By 1936 his socialist idea was notable in Odisha as he had introduced an intriguing note on logical communism in Adhunika-the mouthpiece of ‘Nabayuga Sahitya Sansad’ of July 1936. As per Choudhury socialism or Samyabada isn’t one explicit viewpoint, however a majority of ways and strategies to decipher the thoughts for another social order. He had mulled over the chronicled realism of Marx and his examination meant that his broad investigation of Marxist writing. While he was making a test of socialism in Odisha, his consideration was really attracted to the laborer issues. As the leader of the peasants meeting at Khurda in September 1936, Choudhury expressed that the future lies in the possession of the laborers and workers who can just build up a general public of harmony and bounty. There he urged the peasants to stand bravely by their privileges and spare their own class and nation from ruin. He was an unmistakable individual from the working panel of the ‘Utkala Provincial Krushak Sangha’ of 1936. As a noticeable socialist pioneer Choudhury partook in the second meeting of the Utkal Provincial Kisan Conference which was held at Puri on the fifteenth November 1936 under the presidentship of Swami Sahajananda Saraswati of Bihar. In the gathering, Choudhury encouraged the satisfaction of certain requests.
The main occasion in the political career of Nabakrushna during this period of peasant unrest in Odisha was his significant conversation at the Peasants’ Day Meeting on First September 1938 at Jenapur of unified Cuttack. The discourse framed a huge piece of the socialist and political talk of colonial Odisha. He requested the solidarity of the workers and peasants in his location. He ordered the Rajas and Zamindarsas business people and censured them. After the freedom of the nation, he served as the minister of Odisha after Dr. Harekrushna Mahtab resigned during the 1950s. During his service as the Chief Minister, the Zamindari system was abolished. This gave the farmers proprietorship directly on their own cultivated land. There was a flood in 1955 which was disastrous to individuals of Odisha. There were criticism and resistance to his treatment of the emergency because of which he gave up his chief minister position.